April is a special month, marked by the most prized gem of all: the diamond.
This gold necklace features a tension set .58 carat center diamond plus .11 carats total weight of flush set diamonds.
The diamond is legendary for its toughness, and, in fact, is 58 times harder than anything else found in nature, which is why it can only be cut with another diamond. If cut and polished with skill, the diamond has the best luster of any gemstone.
Diamonds can come in a variety of colors, from yellow, pink, and red to blue and green, and generally those with the richest color are highest in value.
Some historians estimate that diamonds began to be traded as early as 4 BC. Diamonds first became popular in India, when the Moghuls and Imperial Colony were able to mine them easily from deposits along major rivers. Some ancient cultures believed diamonds were the physical incarnation of lightning, and this association may be the root of the belief in the healing powers of the gemstone. Diamonds were thought to cure brain disease, draw toxins out of the blood, and ease pituitary gland disorders. In whatever culture it became popular, the gem has almost always been a symbol for eternal love, leading to its use in engagement rings.
One of the most famous diamonds is the 140.50 Carat Regent, said to be the most beautiful diamond in the world for its exceptional cut and unmatched limpidity. Thomas Pitt, the Governor of Madras, acquired the uncut gem in India in 1698 and sent it to England to be cut. The Regent purchased the diamond from Pitt for the French Crown, and it was first set in the band of Louis XV’s silver gilt crown at his coronation in 1722. It was then worn on Louis XVI’s crown in 1775, and in 1801 was set in the hilt of the First Consul’s sword, then on the Emperor’s sword in 1812. In 1825, it was set in the crown for the coronation of Charles X, and then was used to ornament the diadem of Empress Eugenie. It is now on display at the Louvre in Paris.
The largest cut diamond in the world is the Great Star of Africa at 530.20 Carats. It was cut from the largest diamond crystal ever found, the 3,106-carat Cullian discovered in Transvaal, South Africa, in 1095. Joseph Asscher and Company of Amsterdam examined the crystal for six months before deciding how to cut it, and ultimately divided the crystal into nine major and 96 smaller stones. Legend suggests that the Cullian was part of a larger crystal, but the “missing half” has never been found. The Great Star of Africa is set in the Royal Scepter, which is kept with the other Crown Jewels in the Tower of London. With its prominent history and beauty that speaks for itself, the diamond is a truly special birthstone. To explore our diamond selection and find a setting perfect for that special someone born in April, visit our shop on Dickson Street in Fayetteville or call 479-521-2000 to set up a consultation for a custom design today.